Chevrolet Lanos (since 2004 of release)
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. Maintenance service
5. The engine
5.1. Features of a design
5.2. Compression check in cylinders
5.3. Removal and installation of mudguards of the engine
5.4. Replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
5.5. Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in position ВМТ of a step of compression
5.6. Removal, installation and дефектовка a flywheel
5.7. Replacement of details of consolidation of the engine
5.8. A head of the block of cylinders
5.9. Removal and engine installation
5.10. Engine repair
5.11. Greasing system
5.12. Cooling system
5.13. System of release of the fulfilled gases
5.13.1. Features of a design
5.13.2. Replacement of pillows of a suspension bracket of system of release of the fulfilled gases
5.13.3. Replacement of the basic muffler
5.13.4. Replacement of the additional muffler
5.13.5. Replacement of neutralizer of the fulfilled gases or the prorate
5.13.6. Replacement of a reception pipe
5.13.7. Removal and installation of thermoscreens
5.14. The engine power supply system
5.15. System of catching of steams of fuel
5.16. System рециркуляции the fulfilled gases
6. Transmission
7. A running gear
8. A steering
9. Brake system
10. An electric equipment
11. A body
12. Wheels and tyres
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Councils to the beginning mechanic
18. Appendices
19. Electric equipment schemes
 








5-13-1-osobennosti-konstrukcii.html

5.13.1. Features of a design

Fig. 5.17. A final collector and its thermoscreen (it is for descriptive reasons taken aside): 1 – a final collector; 2 – the thermoscreen of a final collector

The fulfilled gases are taken away from the engine through a final collector 1 (fig. 5.17), a reception pipe 4 (fig. 5.18), neutralizer 2, additional 4 (fig. 5.19) and the basic 1 mufflers.
The part of cars can be not equipped каталитическим by neutralizer of the fulfilled gases (a control system of the engine without a feedback). In this case instead of it in system the pipe-prorate equal on length to neutralizer is established.

Fig. 5.18. An arrangement of knots of system of release of the fulfilled gases in a forward part of the basis of a body: 1 – the thermoscreen of neutralizer of the fulfilled gases; 2 – neutralizer of the fulfilled gases; 3 – pillows of a suspension bracket of system of release of the fulfilled gases; 4 – a reception pipe; 5 – сильфон

Fig. 5.19. An arrangement of knots of system of release of the fulfilled gases in a back part of the basis of a body: 1 – the basic muffler; 2 – the thermoscreen of the basic muffler; 3 – the thermoscreen of the additional muffler; 4 – the additional muffler; 5 – pillows of a suspension bracket of system of release of the fulfilled gases

On a final collector the gauge of concentration of oxygen is established.

Fig. 5.20. Knots of system of release of the fulfilled gases: 1 – a sealing lining of a final collector; 2 – a final collector; 3 – a sealing lining of a reception pipe; 4 – a reception pipe; 5 – сильфон; 6 – pillows of a suspension bracket of knots of system of release of the fulfilled gases; 7 – neutralizer of the fulfilled gases; 8 – sealing linings of flanges of neutralizer of the fulfilled gases; 9 – the additional muffler; 10 – the basic muffler; 11 – a sealing lining of a pipe of the basic muffler

The final collector is fixed by nuts on hairpins of a head of the block of cylinders. Between a head of the block of cylinders and a flange of a final collector the lining 1 (fig. 5.20) is established sealing металлоармированная.
The reception pipe is connected to flanges of a final collector and neutralizer, and a neutralizer flange — with a flange of a reception pipe of the additional muffler. In turn, the exhaust pipe of the additional muffler is connected to a reception pipe of the basic muffler. Connections of mufflers with pipes not folding. All фланцевые system connections are condensed металлоармированными by linings 3, 8 and 11. Each of system elements can be removed separately without dismantle of other elements.
For reduction of transfer of vibrations from the power unit on system of release and a body in a reception pipe it is built in виброкомпенсирующий goffered сильфон 5 in a metal braid.
System elements are suspended to a body on six rubber pillows 3 (fig. 5.18 see) and 5 (fig. 5.19 see) or 6 (fig. 5.20 see). And two pillows and a back suspension bracket of the basic muffler, two pillows a forward suspension bracket of the basic muffler and a suspension bracket of the reception pipe, two pillows in suspension brackets of the additional muffler have the different form.
For protection of the engine and the basis of a body against heating by system elements following steel thermoscreens are established: 2 (fig. 5.17 see) – before a final collector; 2 and 3 (fig. 5.19 see) – over the basic and additional mufflers; 1 (fig. 5.18 see) – over neutralizer.
The system of release of the fulfilled gases does not demand special service. Periodically enough to check reliability of an inhaling of carving connections and an integrity of pillows of a suspension bracket. In case of damage of elements of system, through corrosion or прогаре them replace in gathering as mufflers together with pipes represent not folding knots.

GOOD ADVICE
Periodically check system of release of the fulfilled gases. At the raised noise level from release system check up its tightness. For this purpose start up the engine and examine all system. Having spent a hand over places of possible leak, without concerning knots, you will feel at once leak of gases. If necessary replace the rusted and burnt through knots.

PREVENTIONS
Before repair allow to cool down to release system as in an operating time of the engine it heats up to a heat.
The fulfilled gases are poisonous, the poisoning with them occurs imperceptibly, therefore before engine start-up in garage necessarily open gate!

For removal and installation of knots of system it be required to you: keys «on 10», «on 12», «on 14».

GOOD ADVICE
At impossibility to replace defective knot new it is possible to restore temporarily its working capacity, having imposed a metal patch on the damaged place and having fixed its collars or a wire. Under a patch it is recommended to enclose asbestos sheet.
Besides, in shops of autospare parts there are on sale special complete sets for restoration of knots of system of release of the fulfilled gases, with which help it is possible to eliminate temporarily system damages to reach to car-care centre or garage.


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5.13.2. Replacement of pillows of a suspension bracket of system of release of the fulfilled gases











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