Chevrolet Lanos (since 2004 of release)
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. Maintenance service
5. The engine
5.1. Features of a design
5.2. Compression check in cylinders
5.3. Removal and installation of mudguards of the engine
5.4. Replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
5.5. Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in position ВМТ of a step of compression
5.6. Removal, installation and дефектовка a flywheel
5.7. Replacement of details of consolidation of the engine
5.8. A head of the block of cylinders
5.9. Removal and engine installation
5.10. Engine repair
5.11. Greasing system
5.12. Cooling system
5.13. System of release of the fulfilled gases
5.14. The engine power supply system
5.15. System of catching of steams of fuel
5.16. System рециркуляции the fulfilled gases
6. Transmission
7. A running gear
8. A steering
9. Brake system
10. An electric equipment
11. A body
12. Wheels and tyres
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Councils to the beginning mechanic
18. Appendices
19. Electric equipment schemes
 








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5.2. Compression check in cylinders

Compression (pressure in the end of a compression step) in cylinders — the major indicator for diagnostics of a condition of the engine without its dismantling. On its average value and on a difference of values in separate cylinders it is possible with sufficient degree of accuracy to define degree of the general deterioration of details of shatunno-piston group of the engine, to reveal malfunctions of this group and details клапанного the mechanism.
Check a compression the special device — компрессометром which can be got now freely in large shops of autospare parts.


THE NOTE
So looks компрессометр, used for an illustration of the given book. There are variants компрессометров at which instead of the carving union for вворачивания instead of a spark plug the rubber tip is established. Such компрессометры at compression check simply strongly press to a candle aperture.

THE PREVENTION
The important condition of correctness of indications at compression check is serviceability of a starter and its electric chains, and also full заряженность the storage battery.

1. Start up the engine and warm up it to working temperature.
2. Stop the engine, remove tips of wires from spark plugs and turn out all candles (Replacement and service of spark plugs »see«).
3. Disconnect pad a plait of low-voltage wires from the ignition coil, having disconnected thereby ignition system.

    
THE PREVENTION
Проворачивание the engine a starter at the disconnected tips of high-voltage wires and not disconnected coil of ignition can lead to breakdown of its high-voltage chain.

4. Disconnect the fuel pump, having taken out a safety lock №11 …
5. … or the relay of the fuel pump in the assembly block («Assembly blocks» see).
6. Screw in a candle aperture of the checked cylinder компрессометр.
7. Press an accelerator pedal against the stop completely to open throttle заслонку.
8. Include a starter and turn it a cranked shaft of the engine until pressure in the cylinder will not cease to increase. It corresponds approximately to four steps of compression.

THE NOTE
For reception of correct indications компрессометра the cranked shaft should rotate with frequency of 180-200 mines-1 or above, but no more than 350 mines-1.

9. Having written down indications компрессометра
10. … establish its arrow on a zero, having pressed the valve of release of air.

THE NOTE
At компрессометров other design of the indication can be dumped in other ways according to the instruction to the device.

11. Repeat operations of subitem 6-10 for other cylinders. Pressure should be not more low 1,0 МПа and should not differ in different cylinders more than on 0,1 МПа. The lowered compression in separate cylinders can result from leaky landing of valves in saddles, damages of a lining of a head of the block of cylinders, breakages or burnings of piston rings. The lowered compression in all cylinders specifies in deterioration of piston rings.
12. For finding-out of the reasons of an insufficient compression fill in in the cylinder with the lowered compression about 20 ml of pure engine oil and again measure a compression. If indications компрессометра have raised, malfunction of piston rings is most probable. If the compression remained invariable, means, plates of valves leaky adjoin to their saddles or the lining of a head of the block of cylinders is damaged.

GOOD ADVICE
The reason of an insufficient compression can be found out also giving of compressed air in the cylinder in which the piston is preliminary established in ВМТ a compression step. For this purpose remove with компрессометра a tip and attach to it a compressor hose. Insert a tip into a candle aperture and submit to the cylinder air under the pressure of 0,2–0,3 МПа. That the cranked shaft of the engine was not turned, include the higher transfer and brake the car a lay brake. The exit (leak) of air through throttle knot testifies about негерметичности the inlet valve, and through the muffler — about негерметичности the final valve. At damage of a lining of a head of the block of cylinders air will leave through a mouth of a broad tank in the form of bubbles or in the next cylinder that is found out on a characteristic hissing sound.

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5.1.1. Possible malfunctions of the engine, their reason and ways of elimination
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5.3. Removal and installation of mudguards of the engine











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