Chevrolet Lanos (since 2004 of release)
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
3.1. The engine is not got
3.2. Malfunctions of system of injection of fuel
3.3. Idling was gone
3.4. Faults in engine work
3.5. Diagnostics of a condition of the engine on appearance of spark plugs
3.6. The car moves jerky
3.7. The car is badly dispersed
3.8. The engine has decayed during movement
3.9. Pressure of oil has fallen
3.10. An engine overheat
3.11. The storage battery is not recharged
3.12. Start-up of the engine from external sources of a current
3.13. Malfunctions of an electric equipment
3.14. There were extraneous knocks
3.15. Problems with brakes
3.16. A wheel puncture
4. Maintenance service
5. The engine
6. Transmission
7. A running gear
8. A steering
9. Brake system
10. An electric equipment
11. A body
12. Wheels and tyres
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Councils to the beginning mechanic
18. Appendices
19. Electric equipment schemes
 








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3.4. Faults in engine work

At faults the engine unstably idles, does not develop sufficient capacity, повышенно spends gasoline. Besides it failure of neutralizers of the fulfilled gases is possible. Faults, as a rule, speak malfunction of atomizers or an electrogasoline pump («the engine Power supply system» see), malfunction of a spark plug of one of cylinders, подсосом air in one of cylinders. It is necessary to find malfunction and whenever possible to eliminate it.
1. Start up the engine and leave it to idle. Approach to an exhaust pipe and listen to an exhaust sound. It is possible to bring a hand to a cut of an exhaust pipe — so faults are felt better. The sound should be equal, "soft", one tone. Claps from an exhaust pipe through regular time intervals testify that one cylinder does not work because of failure of a candle, absence of a spark on it, about atomizer refusal, about strong подсосе air in one cylinder or considerable decrease in a compression in it. Claps through irregular time intervals arise because of pollution of sprays of atomizers, strong deterioration or pollution of spark plugs. If claps occur through unequal time intervals, it is possible to try to replace independently all complete set of candles irrespective of their appearance and run, however it is better to make it after the reference in car-care centre for diagnostics and repair of a control system by the engine.
2. If claps are regular, stop the engine and open a cowl. Check up a condition of wires of system of ignition. Isolation of high-voltage wires should not be damaged, and their tips should not be oxidised. If wires are damaged, replace a faulty wire.

GOOD ADVICE
The most simple and at the same time effective way of check of high-voltage wires — check in the dark. Establish the car in a dark place, get the engine and open a cowl. Examine high-voltage wires. If isolation of wires is broken, you will see characteristic искрение blue-violet colour ("polar lights"). In this case high-voltage wires demand obligatory replacement.

3. Turn out spark plugs (Replacement and service of spark plugs »see«).

THE PREVENTION
At removal of tips of high-voltage wires never pull for a wire. Undertake a hand directly a tip, then, turning it here and there, pull.

4. Attentively examine candles and compare their appearance to the photos resulted further. If a candle black and damp, she can be thrown out.
5. If all candles look serviceable, establish them into place and connect high-voltage wires. An operating procedure of cylinders 1–3–4–2; numbering of cylinders (1, 2, 3, 4th) is conducted from a pulley of a cranked shaft of the engine.
6. Take a spare candle. In any way fix it on the engine. Connect a high-voltage wire of 1st cylinder to a spare candle. Start up the engine. If engine faults have not amplified, replace a candle in 1st cylinder obviously serviceable. Put on a high-voltage wire and start up the engine. If faults have amplified, consistently repeat this procedure with all cylinders to reveal a faulty candle.

PREVENTIONS
Reliable contact of the case of a candle to "weight" is obligatory, as at occurrence of an additional spark interval (большего, than a backlash between candle electrodes) damage of the block of a control system by the engine or a high-voltage chain of the coil of ignition is possible.
The check described above try to spend for as much as possible short time: at long receipt of not burnt down gasoline in каталитический neutralizer of the fulfilled gases it can fail because of an overheat because gasoline will burn down in it.

If as a result of the accepted measures engine faults are not eliminated, check up a compression in each cylinder (compression Check in cylinders »see«). The normal compression — more than 1,0 МПа (10 kgs/sm2), difference more than 0,1 МПа (1 kgs/sm2) in one cylinder testifies to necessity of repair of the engine.

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3.3. Idling was gone
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3.5. Diagnostics of a condition of the engine on appearance of spark plugs











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