3.8. The engine has decayed during movement
Sooner or later each driver can get to a situation when the car several instants ago submitting to all commands, suddenly ceases to react to pressing of a pedal of "gas", and on the instrument panel red sparks light up. The engine has ceased to work, the car loses speed. What to do in such situation?
The most important thing — be not nervous! Include the alarm system, squeeze out a pedal of coupling and, using inertia of the car, try to move cautiously to edge проезжей parts and to stop as it is possible more to the right at a roadside and if it is possible — outside of проезжей parts.
Consider that at the idle engine efficiency of brake system of the car decreases and for braking can be demanded большее effort to a brake pedal. The same occurs to a steering equipped with the hydraulic booster.
Include a lay brake; if the car has stopped on a bias, use противооткатные an emphasis. At difficult traffic conditions and on country roads expose a sign on an emergency stop as it is provided by traffic Rules. Now it is necessary to reveal and eliminate the arisen malfunction.
There are two principal causes:
– The ignition system does not work;
– The power supply system does not work.
To begin with find out, whether there is in a tank a gasoline. Include ignition and look at the index of level of fuel. If the arrow of the index shows fuel presence, and the alarm lamp of the reserve rest of fuel in a combination of devices does not burn, it is possible to assume that gasoline in a tank is.
Open a cowl and attentively examine подкапотное space. Pay attention to an integrity of all units. Check up, whether on a place all wires, whether is not present torn off, burnt down, with the damaged isolation. Examine petrol hoses, a fuel stage — whether is not present потеков some gasoline.
If leaks gasoline, at all do not start up the engine before full elimination of malfunction!
Examine a broad tank of system of cooling — whether the cooling liquid has flowed out. Check up also oil level in картере the engine. If everything is all right, start check of systems of ignition and a food which is described earlier, but preliminary check up a condition of a belt of a drive газораспределительного the mechanism. At the torn off belt the engine will not be started up without the visible reasons.
Besides, refusal of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft or a detachment of it колодки a plait of wires can cause a sudden stop of the engine and impossibility of the subsequent start-up.