Chevrolet Lanos (since 2004 of release)
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. Maintenance service
5. The engine
6. Transmission
6.1. Coupling
6.2. A transmission
6.3. Drives of forward wheels
6.3.1. Features of a design
6.3.2. Possible malfunctions of drives of forward wheels, their reasons and ways of elimination
6.3.3. Removal and installation of drives of forward wheels
6.3.4. Replacement of hinges of equal angular speeds
7. A running gear
8. A steering
9. Brake system
10. An electric equipment
11. A body
12. Wheels and tyres
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Councils to the beginning mechanic
18. Appendices
19. Electric equipment schemes



6.3.1. Features of a design

Fig. 6.6. A drive of forward wheels: 1 – грязеотражательное a ring; 2 – the case of the external hinge; 3 – a separator of the external hinge; 4 – a holder of the external hinge; 5, 17 – balls; 6, 16 – lock rings; 7, 9, 11, 13 – collars; 8, 12 – covers; 10 – a drive shaft; 14 – чехлодержатель; 15 – a sealing ring; 18 – a holder of the internal hinge; 19 – a separator of the internal hinge; 20 – the case of the internal hinge; 21 – a lock ring

The drive of forward wheels (fig. 6.6) consists from external 2 and the internal 20 hinges of equal angular speeds (SHRUS) connected by shaft 10. The external hinge provides possibility only angular movings of connected shaft. The internal hinge in addition to the angular provides also axial displacement of shaft at turn of forward wheels and suspension bracket work. Shaft of drives of the left and right wheels are executed different length (right more long) that is caused by configuration of a motor compartment of the car (the main transfer is displaced to the left concerning a longitudinal axis of the car), therefore drives невзаимозаменяемы. Hinges of equal angular speeds of both drives are identical. For decrease in vibrations in transmission on a shaft of the right drive it is fixed dynamic демпфер.
Special greasing is applied to greasing of hinges with дисульфидом molybdenum (domestic analogue — ШРУС-4). Hermetic sealing of hinges is provided by rubber covers 8 and 12 (fig. 6.6 see), fixed on cases of hinges collars 7, 9, 11, 13.
Hinges of drives are very durable. However because of damage of protective covers them often enough change. Work on replacement of drives of forward wheels labour-consuming, and drives недешевы. Seriously to save the time and money, avoid damage of protective covers of hinges (for example, as a result of arrival on a wire sticking out of the earth) and immediately replace them at the slightest damages. If water or a dust gets to the hinge through the damaged cover, it will fail through some hundreds kilometres of run. The tight hinge wears out extremely slowly.

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6.3. Drives of forward wheels
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6.3.2. Possible malfunctions of drives of forward wheels, their reasons and ways of elimination